Buxton, Derbyshire. A Peak District spa town.
Buxton, Derbyshire lies just out side the Peak District National Park boundaries. It was founded by the Romans, who built baths to use the warm spa water. In the 18-19th centuries Buxton was famous as a spa. It has an Opera House, a fine Crescent and an annual Festival.
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|Buxton lies just outside the National Park boundaries, but is the most important town for most of the western and central Peak. The town is situated in a natural bowl on the boundary between the gritstone and limestone areas and the River Wye has had to carve a gorge through the limestone to find an exit to the South East. At 300m above sea level the town is the highest town of its size in England.|
The spring at St Ann's well was probably a place of pilgrimage as early as the Middle Ages, but certainly by Tudor times it was fairly well established as a spa and in Elizabeth I's time it was visited for this purpose by The Earl of Leicester, Lord Burghley and no less than Mary Queen of Scots, who was being held captive by the Earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Bess of Hardwick at nearby Chatsworth.
At the same time limestone quarrying became a major industry in the immediate area and the stone and associated lime products were easily transported by railway from Buxton across the country. Quarrying continues to be a major local industry.
The town has a full range of shops, centred around a shopping arcade built over the culverted River Wye, just off Spring Gardens. There is a market every Tuesday and Saturday. The town's tourist information centre is in the Pavilion Gardens building, behind the Opera House. Telephone: 01298 25106, fax: 01298 73153.
Other things to see in Buxton include the Museum and Poole's Cavern and Grin Low Country Park. Buxton has a well-dressing and carnival which starts on the second Sunday in July. The annual Festival is in mid-late July (information on 01298 70395). The Opera House box office: 01298 72190. The Festival also sports and Edinburgh-like Fringe Festival and continues to grow in popularity.
Buxton Photo Gallery - click on the images to enlarge- Click Here for a slide show
Useful local links:Buxton Festival The annual opera, music and arts festival in Buxton.
Buxton Festival Fringe A guide to fringe events at Buxton Festival.
Buxton Opera House Buxton Opera House offer a full range of cultural events.
Buxton Gilbert and Sullivan Festival The country's (if not the world's) leading festival of Gilbert and Sullivan music.
Buxton Weather Station An enthusiast's Buxton Weather station.
Saint Peters Church, Fairfield St Peter's is one of the Anglical churches in Buxton.
Electric Bikes from Eco Republic Eco Republic sell electric bikes and other 'green' products from their shop in central Buxton
Introduction to Buxton Video A video showing the attractions of Buxton and the Buxton Festival
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