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Peak District Towns and Villages: Crich Tramway Museum

Villages around Crich Tramway Museum

Slideshow

 Cromford


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Greyhound Inn
Greyhound Inn
Cromford is a substantial village which was constructed by Sir Richard Arkwright to house his employees at the nearby Cromford Mill. The village is centred around the Greyhound Inn and the market place in front of it, which Arkwright constructed in 1790 over the brooks which gave Cromford (crooked ford) its name. Behind this is the millpond, which was constructed to regulate the flow of water from Bonsall Brook to the mill, and in the other direction the village stretches right up the hill towards Black Rocks and Wirksworth.

It's a busy, bustling place at the junction of the A6 and the Via Gellia (A5012). There are several shops in the area around the Greyhound Inn, including the magnificent Scarthin Bookshop. On the other side of the A6 the road to Cromford Wharf and the Cromford Canal takes you to Arkwright's Mill, which is now a major visitor attraction, and the village church, which contains Arkwright's tomb and lies in a secluded spot near Willersley crag. Opposite the crag on the other side of the Derwent is Willersley Castle, built by Arkwright as his home and now a hotel. Just up the A6 toward Matlock is Arkwright's grand and imposing Masson Mill, which now houses a useful and interesting shopping complex.
 
Cromford Photo Gallery - click on the images to enlarge- Click Here for a slide show
Richard Arkwright
0 - Richard Arkwright
The Pavilion at Matlock Bath
1 - The Pavilion at Matlock Bath
Black Rocks, Cromford
2 - Black Rocks, Cromford
Black Rocks climbers
3 - Black Rocks climbers
Bonsall Market square
4 - Bonsall Market square
Cromford - the Greyhound Inn
5 - Cromford - the Greyhound Inn
Cromford Canal and Wharf
6 - Cromford Canal and Wharf
Cromford - Scarthin and millpond
7 - Cromford - Scarthin and millpond
Cromford - High Peak Junction
8 - Cromford - High Peak Junction
Matlock Bath and High Tor
9 - Matlock Bath and High Tor
Matlock Bath
10 - Matlock Bath
Cromford - Willersley Castle
11 - Cromford - Willersley Castle
Cotton Doubling machine at Masson Mills
12 - Cotton Doubling machine at Masson Mills
Masson Mills
13 - Masson Mills
Matlock Bath from above the Temple Hotel
14 - Matlock Bath from above the Temple Hotel
River Derwent at Matlock Bath
15 - River Derwent at Matlock Bath
Steeple Grange Light Railway
16 - Steeple Grange Light Railway
Steeple Grange Light Railway engines
17 - Steeple Grange Light Railway engines
Steeple Grange Light Railway train
18 - Steeple Grange Light Railway train
Slideshow

 Matlock


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Matlock, the county town of Derbyshire, is a former spa town situated at a sharp bend in the River Derwent, where it turns south to carve its way through the ridge of limestone which bars its route towards Derby. Just downriver of the main town lies Matlock Bath, which is enclosed by the limestone cliffs of the gorge and contains the main tourist attractions of the locality.

Matlock church at Matlock Town
Matlock church at Matlock Town
In many respects Matlock seems quite a new town, certainly when compared with Buxton or Bakewell for instance. The reason is that Matlock was an unimportant collection of small villages centred around the church until thermal springs were discovered in 1698. Even this did not lead to an immediate development of Matlock because the route down the Derwent was blocked by Willersley crags at Cromford, so the road to Matlock from the south arrived by a circuitous and hilly route.

Matlock Bath
Matlock Bath
This situation was remedied by the cutting of the road through Scarthin Nick near Cromford in 1818, though Matlock had already begun to gain a reputation as a rather select spa by then. The Victorian era saw the development of Matlock Bath as a fashionable resort and the construction by John Smedley in 1853 of the vast Hydro on the steep hill to the north of the river crossing at the centre of the town. This enormous hotel functioned as a spa until the 1950s, when it closed and was taken over by Derbyshire County Council as its headquarters.

The coming of the railways in the 1870s transformed Matlock again, this time into a resort for day-trippers from the Derby-Nottingham area and further south. From then on Matlock spawned tourist attractions in the form of show caverns, cable railways, petrifying wells, pleasure gardens and even recently a theme park. The evidence of the change which came over the place can be seen best at Matlock Bath, where the amusement arcades along the main road provide a sharp contrast with the elegant Victorian villas above.

Matlock Bath from High Tor
Matlock Bath from High Tor
The modern town is divided neatly into two: the main town radiating out from the river crossing opposite the railway station and Matlock Bath spread out along the gorge to the south. Whereas Matlock itself seems solid and Victorian with neat stone houses going in rows up the hill, the Bath has a more frivolous air. Overlooking it all is the gigantic folly that is Riber Castle, built in the 1860s by the same John Smedley who constructed the Hydro.

The town has a full range of shops and facilities, however the principal hotels are both in the Bath - the New Bath Hotel is out on the road to Cromford opposite Wildcat crags and the Temple Hotel is on the hill below the Heights of Abraham. The Grand Pavilion at Matlock Bath is a pleasure palace built in 1910 alongside the River Derwent. It houses the Peak District Lead Mining Museum and has recently been purchased by the community after years of neglect. There are plans to refurbish it with a Heritage Lottery Fund grant as a theatre and venue.

The tourist information centre is now at the Peak Rail

shop on Matlock Station. The telephone number is 01335 343666.
 
Matlock Photo Gallery - click on the images to enlarge- Click Here for a slide show
Richard Arkwright
0 - Richard Arkwright
The Pavilion at Matlock Bath
1 - The Pavilion at Matlock Bath
High Tor
2 - High Tor
Bonsall Market square
3 - Bonsall Market square
Cromford - the Greyhound Inn
4 - Cromford - the Greyhound Inn
Cromford Canal and Wharf
5 - Cromford Canal and Wharf
Cromford - Scarthin and millpond
6 - Cromford - Scarthin and millpond
High Tor and Riber Castle from across the valley
7 - High Tor and Riber Castle from across the valley
Matlock Bath and High Tor
8 - Matlock Bath and High Tor
Matlock view
9 - Matlock view
Matlock Bath
10 - Matlock Bath
Matlock church
11 - Matlock church
Matlock - Riber Hall
12 - Matlock - Riber Hall
Cromford - Willersley Castle
13 - Cromford - Willersley Castle
The cable railway to Heights of Abraham
14 - The cable railway to Heights of Abraham
Cotton Doubling machine at Masson Mills
15 - Cotton Doubling machine at Masson Mills
Masson Mills
16 - Masson Mills
Matlock Bath from High Tor
17 - Matlock Bath from High Tor
Matlock from High Tor
18 - Matlock from High Tor
On Giddy Ledge, High Tor
19 - On Giddy Ledge, High Tor
Matlock Bath from above the Temple Hotel
20 - Matlock Bath from above the Temple Hotel
River Derwent at Matlock Bath
21 - River Derwent at Matlock Bath
Slideshow

 Wirksworth


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Wirksworth Market Place
Wirksworth Market Place
Wirksworth is one of the oldest towns in this area of the Peak District and is still one of those with greatest character. Centred around its marketplace, where markets have been held since Edward I granted the right in 1306, it has many fine old buildings with picturesque alleys and craftsmen's yards. The reason for the splendour of many of the buildings is Wirksworth's historical trade - it was the southern centre of the Derbyshire lead industry and the Soke and Wapentake of Wirksworth, as it was called, was one of the most productive mining areas.

Wirksworth was well established by Saxon times and the Abbey of Repton owned the mining rights here in the 8th century, the Abess sending a coffin of Wirksworth lead for the burial of St Guthlac in 714. After the Danes sacked Repton in the 9th century the area fell under Danish influence, giving rise to typically Danish names like 'Wapentake'.

Wirksworth Church
Wirksworth Church
The town prospered through Mediaeval times, giving rise to a fine 13th century church which replaced a Norman one which in turn had replaced a Saxon church. This lies to the east of the market place, behind the library. In the opposite direction is an area of narrow streets and alleys called The Dale and Greenhill, where many old cottages and houses of lead merchants survive, notably a magnificent Jacobean house known as Babington House. Just off the market place is the town's information centre and Heritage Centre, sited in a pleasantly converted old merchant's yard. Wirksworth was the meeting place for the Barmote Court of the lead mining 'Liberties' of the low Peak and the Moot Hall, where the court meetings are still held, lies in a little back street north of the church.

Moot Hall
Moot Hall
The town was for many years under the influence of the Gell family who were lords of the manor and based at nearby Hopton Hall. Sir Anthony Gell founded the local school in 1546 and Sir John Gell was a Parliamentary general in the Civil War. Both are buried in the church. Another historical link is with George Eliot, who based the character of Dinah Morris in her book 'Adam Bede' upon her aunt Elizabeth Evans, who lived in Wirksworth and was a Methodist preacher. Her house may still be seen.

The town is now a small bustling local centre whose main industry is limestone quarrying. It has a range of small shops and as many pubs as you would expect in an old market town, of which the Hope and Anchor, the Red Lion and the Black's Head are the most notable.

The town has a welldressing in Whit week, and every September there occurs the unusual ceremony of 'Clypping', in which the church is encircled by the congregation holding hands around it. Wirksworth has also recently developed an excellent Arts Festival, which happens over a weekend in September. The Festival includes all forms of Art, with the market Square the centre for music, dance and street acts while many of the houses around the village play hosts to many different forms of artistic expression. Tours and tour maps can be bought in the local shops during the festival.
 
Wirksworth Photo Gallery - click on the images to enlarge- Click Here for a slide show
Wirksworth church - exterior view
0 - Wirksworth church - exterior view
Saxon miner in Wirksworth Church
1 - Saxon miner in Wirksworth Church
Wirksworth Church - Saxon tombstone
2 - Wirksworth Church - Saxon tombstone
Wirksworth Church - Saxon stone fragments
3 - Wirksworth Church - Saxon stone fragments
Wirksworth Church - Gell tombstone
4 - Wirksworth Church - Gell tombstone
Wirksworth Church - Gell tombstone
5 - Wirksworth Church - Gell tombstone
Wirksworth Church - tomb of Sir Anthony Lowe
6 - Wirksworth Church - tomb of Sir Anthony Lowe
Middleton Top Winding Station
7 - Middleton Top Winding Station
Black Rocks, Cromford
8 - Black Rocks, Cromford
Black Rocks climbers
9 - Black Rocks climbers
Moot Hall in Wirksworth
10 - Moot Hall in Wirksworth
Wirksworth market square
11 - Wirksworth market square
Steeple Grange Light Railway
12 - Steeple Grange Light Railway
Steeple Grange Light Railway engines
13 - Steeple Grange Light Railway engines
Steeple Grange Light Railway train
14 - Steeple Grange Light Railway train

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